Demand And Supply Of Supplementary Private Tutoring İn Upper Primary Schools Of Ethiopia
This study was aimed at assessing the demand and supply of private tutoring in the upper primary schools of Ethiopia. To achieve this objective a cross-sectional survey research design was employed. Data were collected from upper primary school students, teachers, and school principals. Accordingly, four regions (two from the relatively developed and two from the emerging regions) and one city administration were selected as sample regions by using simple random sampling technique. Again from each region the capital town of each sample regions was selected as sample towns again through simple random sampling method. Then from each sample town three government schools and three private schools were selected by simple random sampling technique. Finally, from each selected sample schools 50% of the students and all the teachers of the sample schools and the principal of the school were taken as sample of the study by purposive sampling techniques. Data were collected through questionnaires’, interview, and focus group discussion. The result shows that students received supplementary private tutoring in addition to learning in mainstream schools and started this program when they are grade 7-8. In Ethiopian context the private tutors are the mainstream teachers of the students and other teachers in the same school. The main reason for students to participate in the supplementary tutorial is due to their parents and friends push. Students receive the tutorial in one-to-one base. The major reason students need supplementary private tutoring is education-related purpose.