Development Of A Scale To Determine The Needs Of Families Of Children With Disability
The aim of this study is to develop a scale to determine the needs of families with students in inclusive education. In line with this aim, a 50-item scale was developed by scanning the literature and consulting with experts. "The Scale for Determining the Needs of Families with Students in Inclusive Education." was applied to a total of 125 persons, 70 mothers and 55 fathers in the school year 2016-2017. SPSS 17.0 statistical package program was used for the analysis of collected data in the research process. Expert opinions were received in order to ensure coverage of the scale and factor analysis was applied to assess the validity of the structure. The coherency of the data for factor analysis was examined using the Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin (KMO) coefficient and the Barlett sphericity test. When using exploratory factor analysis, the reliability of the scale was reevaluated using internal consistency coefficient. The Cronbach alpha coefficient was 91. In the factor analysis, 50 items were reduced to 35 items. It was determined that 35 items in the scale were collected under 5 factors (social support needs, environmental regulation needs, adaptation needs, information needs and assistance needs), of which eigen value is larger than 1. The variance explained by these 5 factors on the scale was 51.812%. At the end of the research, it was concluded that the scale was valid and reliable with its 35 items under the five factors and it is useful resource in determining the needs of parents with students in inclusive education.